In Russia, article 125 of the Criminal Code prohibits knowingly abandoning persons in life- or health-threatening situations if they cannot help themselves. However, it binds only those who are legally obliged to take care of such persons or who have themselves placed them in a situation dangerous to life or health. The maximum penalty is 1 year in prison.  The duty to rescue is a tort law term that appears in a number of cases and describes a circumstance in which a party may be held liable if it fails to assist another party who, but for rescue, could be injured or killed. In common law systems, it is rarely formalized in statutes that would reduce the penalty of the law to those who do not save. This does not necessarily preclude a moral obligation to rescue: although the law is binding and involves state-approved sanctions and civil penalties, there are also distinct ethical arguments in favor of a duty to rescue, even if the law does not punish the absence of rescue. Following is a definition of the 1979 Search and Rescue (SAR) Convention prepared by Tetley under Admiralty law: the International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue, adopted by IMO (see this concept of maritime law in this legal dictionary) on 27 April 1979, which entered into force on 22 June 1985 and was subsequently amended by a revised technical annex on 18 May, 1998, which entered into force on 1 January 2006, and a group of amendments relating to persons in distress at sea, adopted on 20 May 2004 and entered into force on 1 July 2006. The legal requirements of a rescue obligation do not apply in all countries, states or localities. However, a moral or ethical obligation to rescue may exist even if there is no legal obligation to rescue.
There are a number of possible justifications for such an obligation. The crime of salvation has four elements. First, the arrest of a prisoner must be lawful. Secondly, the detainee must be effectively detained, i.e. entrusted to the personal care of an official or to a prison or prison. Third, according to the common law and some statutes, rescue must be done by force. Fourth, the prisoner must indeed escape. At common law, the person guilty of rescue is guilty of the same offence, whether it is a felony or a misdemeanor, as the rescued person. These are some of the ethical justifications for a duty to rescue, and they can apply to both ordinary citizens and qualified professionals, even if there are no legal requirements to provide assistance. In an 1898 case, Book v. Amory Mfg.
Co., 69 N.H. 257, 44 A. 809, 1897 N.H. LEXIS 49 (N.H. 1898), the New Hampshire Supreme Court unanimously held that after an eight-year-old boy carelessly put his hand in the defendant`s machinery, the boy had no right to be saved by the defendant. In addition, the unauthorized boy could be held liable for damage to the defendant`s machine.  In 1907, in People v. Beardsley, Beardsley`s lover, Blanche Burns, fainted after a morphine overdose.
Instead of seeking medical help, Beardsley instead asked a friend to hide her in the basement, and Burns died a few hours later. Beardsley was tried and convicted of manslaughter for his negligence. However, her conviction was overturned by the Michigan Supreme Court, which said Beardsley had no legal obligation to her. The crime of forcibly and knowingly releasing another person from arrest, detention or pre-trial detention. Salvation is different from reconquest. (see this concept in the corresponding entry for this reference) Rescuers do not become owners of property through rescue (see more on this popular legal topic in the American Encyclopedia), as if it were a new price – but ownership (see more about this popular legal topic in the American Encyclopedia) is returned to the original owners by the right of Postliminium. (see this concept in the corresponding entry for this reference)  Note: The rescue operation itself is considered foreseeable and the negligence of the defendant is considered to be the direct cause of the injury of the rescuer as well as the rescued person. With regard to the securing of dangerous goods (in the event of a crisis or terrorism), the meaning of rescue in general in relation to European law can be defined as follows: Assisted removal of persons who cannot move from an area of extreme danger to a place of relative or total safety?  In some countries, citizens have a legal obligation to help people in need, unless doing so would put themselves or others at risk. Citizens often have to call at least the local emergency number, unless it is prejudicial, in which case the authorities should be contacted when the harmful situation is eliminated. In 2012, such laws existed in several countries, including  Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland and Tunisia.
RESCUE, crim. The forced release of a person duly detained in violation of the law. Co. Litt. 160; 1 Chitty`s Cr, Law, *62; 1 Russ. at Cr. 383. The person who saves the prisoner is called the savior. 2. If the rescued prisoner was arrested for a crime, then the rescuer is a criminal; if it is treason, a traitor; and if convicted of trespassing, he will be fined as if he had committed the original crime. Rapacious. B.
5, c. 21. If the client is acquitted, the rescuer may still be fined for obstruction and contempt of public justice. 1 Hale, p. 598. 3. In order to prosecute the rescuer, he must know that the person he releases has been arrested for a criminal offence if he is in the custody of an individual; But if he is in the custody of a public servant, he must take note of it at his own risk. 1 Hale, p. 606. 4.
In another sense, rescue consists of withdrawing and releasing against the law, an emergency taken for rent, services or damages. Ferry. From. Rescue, s. 5. For U.S. law on this subject, see Ing. Dig. 150.
Usually 19 wine. From. 94. At common law, the crime of rescue was the unlawful release of a prisoner. Beginning in the nineteenth century, such crimes were romanticized in the popular entertainment of westerns and detective novels, where prisoners were released from prison by their criminal associates. Today, this form of rescue is a criminal offence under federal law. Some states treat it as a common law offence, while others define it by statute. In another legal sense, rescue under the Admiralty and maritime law means the recovery of goods caught at sea. In Serbia, a citizen is legally obliged to help anyone in need (e.g. after a serious car accident), as long as the assistance does not endanger him personally. Articles 126 and 127 of the Serbian Criminal Code stipulate that if you abandon a defenceless person and/or fail to help a person in need, you may be sentenced to imprisonment for up to one year. If the person dies as a result of his or her injuries because the witness failed to provide assistance, a prison sentence of up to 8 years may be imposed.
The act of forced and intentional release of a person who has not been lawfully arrested or detained and his freedom. 4 Bl. Comm. 131; Ga code. In Quebec, which uses civil law, there is a general obligation to rescue in its Charter of Rights: “Every person whose life is in danger is entitled to assistance. Every person must come to the aid of any person whose life is in danger, either personally or by asking for help, by providing him with the necessary and immediate physical assistance, unless he constitutes a danger to himself or to a third party or has another valid reason.  Criminal law in Canada falls under the exclusive jurisdiction of the federal government, so failure to comply with a section of the Charter in Quebec is not a criminal offence unless a party also violates the Criminal Code.