Possible Legal Term

habeas corpus – A brief often used to bring a prisoner to court to determine the lawfulness of his detention. A detainee who wishes to argue that there are insufficient grounds for detention would file an application for habeas corpus. It can also be used to detain a person in court in order to testify or be prosecuted. Bail – security for the release of an accused or witness in pre-trial detention (usually in the form of money) to ensure his or her appearance on the agreed day and time. To define a legal term, enter a word or phrase below. Nglish: Translation of possible for Spanish speakers prose – A Latin term meaning “in its own name”; In the courts, these are people who present their own cases without a lawyer. advice – legal advice; A term used to refer to lawyers in a case. voir dire – A procedure by which judges and lawyers select a small jury from among those empowered to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and willingness to decide the case solely on the basis of the evidence presented to the court. “See to say” is an expression that means “to tell the truth”. n. A rule of law that allows a court to presume that a fact is true until there is a predominance (greater weight) of evidence that refutes or outweighs (rebuts) the presumption. Each conjecture is based on a specific set of obvious facts, associated with established laws, logic, reasoning, or individual rights.

A presumption is rebuttable to the extent that it can be rebutted by factual evidence. Facts can be presented to convince the judge that the presumption is not true. Examples: a child born to a husband and wife is considered the husband`s natural child, unless there is conclusive evidence that this is not the case; A person who has disappeared and has not been heard for seven years is presumed dead, but the suspicions could be refuted if found alive; The accused is presumed innocent until proven guilty. They are sometimes called rebuttable presumptions to distinguish them from absolute, conclusive or irrebuttable presumptions when legal and logical rules dictate that there is no way to rebut the presumption. However, if a fact is absolute, it is not real conjecture at all, but a certainty. These sample phrases are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word “possible”. The views expressed in the examples do not represent the views of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback. Jurisdiction – (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case.

Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have jurisdiction to hear the same case at the same time. Some issues may be brought in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to file the lawsuit, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change the court. (2) The geographical area in which the court has jurisdiction to hear cases. For example, a federal court in a state can generally only decide a case arising from lawsuits filed in that state. Court – A governmental body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “The court read the pleadings.” Suit – A lawsuit brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation, causing harm to the plaintiff. Judgment – The official decision of a court that finally decides on the respective rights and claims of the parties to a dispute. The glossary of legal terms defines more than 100 of the most common legal terms in easy-to-understand language. The terms are listed in alphabetical order and can be best accessed by selecting a letter here: Jurisprudence – The study of law and the structure of the legal system. May exist or occur; feasible. In another sense, the word denotes extreme improbability, without excluding the idea of feasibility.

It is also sometimes synonymous with “feasible” or “appropriate”, as in some cases where action must be taken “as soon as possible”. See Palmer v. St. Paul Fire & Marine Ins. Co., 44 Wis. 208. possible, achievable, feasible. Possible implies that something can certainly exist or happen under the right conditions. A possible route to the west face of the mountain implies that something can be achieved with the means available or under current conditions. A solution that is not practical in the time available applies to what is likely to work or be useful to achieve the desired goal.

commercially feasible for mass production Chief Justice – The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court. The President also decides on business, and the choice of Presidents is determined by seniority. Common Law – The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions and not on laws passed by the legislature. Grand jury – A panel of citizens who hear evidence of criminal charges presented by the government and determine whether there are probable reasons to believe the crime was committed. As used in federal criminal cases, “the government” refers to U.S. lawyers. The prosecutor`s office in charge of the case. Trial before a grand jury is closed to the public and the person suspected of having committed the crime is not allowed to be present or have a lawyer present. States are not required to appoint grand juries, but the federal government must do so under the Constitution. Case law – The use of court decisions to determine how other laws (e.g., statutes) apply in a particular situation.

For example, a trial court may use an earlier Supreme Court decision that presents similar problems. Small jury (or trial jury) – A group of citizens who hear evidence presented by both parties to the trial and determine the disputed facts. The federal criminal jury is composed of 12 people.